The term alcoholism can be used to describe a state in which an individual has lost control over his or her drinking. Many individuals enjoy drinking socially at parties or with friends; however, when the drinking becomes a central component in one’s life, it is important to seek help from a trained professional.
Some alcoholics only drink in the evening, but they consume such large quantities that they are unable to get up for work or function properly during the course of the day. Other individuals drink alcohol first thing in the morning and seem unable to function without it–here, in these extreme cases, often clients hide or disguise the amount they are drinking, preferring to drink alcohol out of mugs or on their own. Other individuals find that they need alcohol to assist them in social situations.
The continuous intake of alcohol can cause a number problems including:
Memory Lapse or Blackouts; Depression; Inactivity; Low Self-Esteem; Anxiety; Tension; Confusion; Violent Behaviour
It can also cause some medical complications including:
Abdominal pain; Nausea and Vomiting; Numbness and Tingling; Shaking in the Morning; Unconsciousness; Liver disease; Cirrhosis of the liver; Pancreatitis; Peripheral Neuropathy; Congestive Heart Failure; Menstrual disorders; Dementia
Dr David Kraft uses covert sensitization (aversion therapy) in the treatment of alcohol addiction. This treatment approach requires the individual to abstain from alcohol–it is a complete abstinence programme.
However, some individuals need psychotherapy in order to help them overcome their cravings for alcohol. This much lengthier treatment programme requires regular treatment sessions over a longer period of time. The aim of the therapy is to help individuals understand the causes of their alcohol addiction and to help them control their drinking.