What is Rogerian Psychotherapy?
Rogerian psychotherapy is a form of therapy which was developed by Carl Rogers between 1940s and 1980s. This style of therapy is a counselling approach, but it is also known as client-centred therapy, person-centred therapy and so forth. The basic premise of this style of therapy is that the therapist encourages the client to come up with his own answers and to build a future which is right for them – that is to say, all people have an in-built ability to facilitate one’s own personal emotional growth. This is facilitated by three core conditions of the therapist – acceptance (unconditional positive regard), congruence (genuineness) and empathy.
Rogers pointed out that some of the other therapies took a dispassionate position, whereas this approach focussed on compassion, understanding and acknowledging an individual’s freedom. This approach has been attacked by various psychoanalysts and behaviourists; however, it has been shown to have been effective. And in fact, if psychoanalysis is done with compassion it is likely to be more effective; indeed, the key ingredient to being any type of therapist is empathy and rapport. .
In order for this therapy to work, according to Rogers (1957), there have to be 6 conditions in order to facilitate therapeutic change. These are.
- The Therapist-client psychological contact: a relationship between client and therapist must exist, and it must be a relationship in which there is rapport.
- Client incongruence. Both therapist and client must be aware that incongruence exists between the client’s experience and awareness.
- The Therapist’s congruence, or genuineness. The psychotherapist or counsellor should be congruent (authentic) during each session. The therapist is deeply and authentically involved—he is not acting in any way. Psychotherapists may, if appropriate, draw on personal experience to shape the therapy sessions. This is known as self disclosure. One should do this carefully and appropriately.
- Therapist unconditional positive regard. The psychotherapist accepts the client unconditionally, without judgment. This helps to facilitate increased positive self-regard. Clients may begin to be able to develop their own self worth and re-evaluate negative and judgemental views of other in their past.
- Therapist empathic understanding. The therapist experiences an empathic understanding of the client’s internal frame of reference. This is an essential component for being a good counsellor.
- Client perception. The client should pick up on the therapist’s unconditional positive regard and empathy skills. This will enable the client to imitate this behaviour in every day life.
David’s approach is underpinned by person-centred counselling; however, even when a more analytic stance is adopted, it is important to note that he retains these conditions at all times. David sees clients in Enfield and in Harley Street. He also offers home visits.
Appointments: 0207 467 8564
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David Kraft PhD
Registered UKCP Psychotherapist
10 Harley Street
Flat 70, Cosmopolitan Court
67 Main Avenue
0207 467 8564 (General Enquiries)
07946 579645 (Work Mobile)
Please note that home visits are £220 for north London and £240 for south London. Special arrangements can be made for outside London. Home visits in Enfield are at the cheaper rate of £140 (by arrangement only).